Cataracts In Dogs

Cataracts In Dogs

A cataract is an opacity in the lens of your d og’s eyes, causing them to have blurry vision. A small cataract won’t disturb their vision too much, but cataracts must be monitored, as if they become thicker and denser, they eventually lead to blindness.

What causes cataracts?

Cataracts can develop due to disease, trauma to the eye, inherited conditions, or just from old age. In some dogs, cataracts may be present from birth, or develop when the dog is still between one and three years old. One of the most common causes of cataracts in dogs is diabetes.

How can I tell if my dog is developing cataracts?

As part of monitoring the heath of your dog, you should look for signs of cloudiness in the eye. If the eye looks cloudy or bluish grey, take the dog to the vet for an eye exam. Cloudiness does not always mean your dog has cataracts, as dogs’ eyes naturally become cloudy with age. This condition is called nuclear sclerosis and usually doesn’t need treatment, as it doesn’t put your dog’s vision at risk. However, it’s always best to be sure, so take your dog to the vet if you notice any cloudiness in the eye.

What happens when a cataract goes untreated?

A contract that is left untreated can slip, or luxate, from the tissue that holds it in place. This frees the cataract to float around in the eye where it might settle and then block natural fluid from draining. Cataracts might also dissolve after a while, causing deep, painful inflammation in the eye.

Which dogs are prone to cataracts?

Dogs of all ages and develop cataracts, although some breeds can be more prone in certain breeds. Cataracts are more likely to occur in Smooth Fox Terriers, American Cocker Spaniels, Havanese, Bichon Frise, Silky Terriers, Miniature and Standard Poodles, Miniature Schnauzers, and Boston Terriers. Dogs have Diabetics are also more prone to cataracts than other dogs.

How are cataracts diagnosed?

Your vet will give your dog a preliminary eye exam to determine with your dog has cataracts or another condition causing cloudiness in the eye. After this exam, you should consult a veterinary ophthalmologist to determine the extent of the cataract and what steps to take to manage the problem.

How can I help to preserve my dog’s vision?

In most cases, cataracts cannot be prevented, but there are things that you can do to make sure that your dog’s vision can be preserved, especially if the issues are caused by a medical condition like Diabetes.

  • Examine your dog’s eyes on a regular basis.
  • Take your dog to the vet as soon as you notice that their eyes look cloud or bluish grey.
  • Take your dog to the vet if you think they are having problems seeing.
  • If possible, find out the medical history of your dog’s parents, as cataracts can be inherited.
  • Be aware of any conditions that your dog has that could cause cataracts, such as Diabetes or eye trauma.

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